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Health, safety and welfare in construction and associated industries

Reference
J/504/7856
Level
Level 1
Credit Value
5
Guided Learning Hours
45
 
Aim
The aim of this unit is to provide the learner with the knowledge to be deemed trained to carry out safe working practices in construction to:
-Sourcing relevant safety information and using the relevant safety procedures at work.


Learning Outcomes Assessment Criteria
The Learner Will The Learner Can
1 Know the health and safety regulations, roles and responsibilities.
  • 1.1. - Identify key health and safety legislation relevant to and used in a construction environment.
    -

    Legislation

    - Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA)

    - Reporting Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences

    (RIDDOR)

    - Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

    - Control of asbestos at work regulations

    - Provision and Use of Work Equipment (PUWER)

    - manual handling

    - Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

    - working at height.

  • 1.2. - State the key employer responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA).
    -

    Employer Responsibilities

    - safe working environment

    - adequate staff training

    - health and safety information

    - risk assessment

    - supervision

    - PPE.

  • 1.3. - State the key employee responsibilities under the Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA).
    -

    Employee Responsibilities

    - working safely

    - working in partnership with the employer

    - reporting hazards, near misses and accidents correctly

    - wearing PPE

    - following organisational procedures.

  • 1.4. - State the roles and responsibilities of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).
    -

    Roles and Responsibilities

    - enforcement

    - legislation and advice

    - inspection

  • 1.5. - Identify other sources of relevant health and safety information.
    -

    Sources

    - Health and Safety Executive (HSE) website

    - CITB-Construction Skills publications

    - British Standards Institute (BSI)

    - Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (ROSPA)

    - Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH)

    - British Safety Council

    - Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.

  • 1.6. - State when legislation would require the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to be informed.
    -

    Reporting

    - deaths and injuries

    - occupational disease

    - dangerous occurrence: a collapse, explosion, fire or collision

    - gas accidents: any accidental leaks or other incident related

    to gas.

  • 1.7. - State why there is a requirement for enforcing stringent guidance in health and safety.
  • 1.8. - State the importance of holding on-site safety inductions and toolbox talks.
  • 1.9. - State how your behaviour and actions could affect others.
2

Know the accident and emergency procedures and how to report them.

  • 2.1. - State the major types of emergencies that could occur in the workplace.
    -

    Types of emergencies

    - fires

    - unexploded ordnance

    - flooding

    - security alerts

    - collapse

    - gas leaks

    - chemicals

    - falling from height.

  • 2.2. - State the key legislation used for reporting accidents.
    -

    Legislation

    - Reporting Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences

    (RIDDOR).

  • 2.3. - State the different types of injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences in the workplace.
    -

    Types

    - falls and trips

    - electrocution

    - burns

    - wail’s disease

    - vibration white finger.

  • 2.4. - State the main types of records used in the event of an accident or emergency.
    -

    Types of records

    - accident reporting documentation

    - first aid records

    - organisational records and documentation

    - relevant legislation.

  • 2.5. - State why it is important to report accidents and near misses.
    -

    - preventing future accidents

    - insurance obligations.

  • 2.6. - State the difference between major and minor injuries and the meaning of a near miss.
  • 2.7. - List the key accident trends within the United Kingdom construction industry.
    -

    In reference to:

    - Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

    - Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (RoSPA).

  • 2.8. - State the effects that common types of accidents and injuries could have on the employer.
    -

    Effects

    - poor company image

    - loss of production

    - insurance

    - closure of site.

  • 2.9. - List the authorised personnel who could be involved in dealing with accident and emergency situations.
    -

    Authorised personnel

    - first aiders/emergency responders

    - supervisors/managers

    - health and safety executive

    - emergency services

    - safety officer.

  • 2.10. - List the contents of a basic first aid kit.
  • 2.11. - State the actions to be taken on discovering an accident.
    -

    Actions

    - area made safe

    - call for help (first aider)

    - emergency services

    - follow company procedures.

3

Know how to identify hazards on construction sites.

  • 3.1. - State the importance of good housekeeping.
    -

    Good housekeeping

    Cleanliness, tidiness, use of skips and chutes, segregation of

    materials, clear access to fire escapes and fire extinguishers.

    Importance

    Minimising hazards, accidents and wastage.

  • 3.2. - State the purpose of risk assessments and method statements.
  • 3.3. - List the major types of hazards in the workplace.
    -

    Types of hazard

    - fires

    - tripping

    - chemical spills

    - falls from height

    - burns

    - electrical

    - exposure to hazardous substances (asbestos or mould

    infestation)

    - plant and vehicles.

  • 3.4. - State the importance and methods of reporting hazards.
    -

    Importance and methods

    - prevent danger to others

    - prevent accidents/dangerous occurrences

    - hazard and accident books/near miss registers

    - site/company/workplace procedures.

  • 3.5. - State why hazards can be created by changing circumstances in the workplace.
    -

    Why

    - construction site developments

    - plant and vehicles

    - new intake of work personnel

    - periods of extreme weather e.g. flood, wind, heat and snow.

  • 3.6. - State the importance of the correct storage of combustibles and chemicals on site.
4

Know about health and hygiene in a construction environment.

  • 4.1. - List the requirements for welfare facilities in a construction environment.
    -

    Requirements

    - toilets

    - washing facilities.

  • 4.2. - State the health effects of noise and the appropriate precautions that can be taken.
    -

    Health effects

    - tinnitus

    - deafness

    Precautions

    - personal protective equipment

    - isolation

    - reducing noise at source

    - exposure time.

  • 4.3. - Identify the various substances hazardous to health and the appropriate precautions that need to be taken.
    -

    Legislation

    - COSHH

    - asbestos regulations

    - explosives regulations.

    Substances

    Lead paint, solvents, adhesives, cements, dust, contaminated

    soil or water, asbestos containing products/materials.

    Precautions

    Personal protective equipment, respiratory equipment (RPE),

    isolation, exposure times.

  • 4.4. - State the importance of personal hygiene.
  • 4.5. - List possible consequences of health risks in the workplace.
    -

    - dermatitis, skin cancer

    - infection, eye damage

    - head injury, cuts

    - wail’s disease

    - burns

    - hearing damage

    - respiratory failure

    - lung damage, lung disease

    - asbestosis

    - Hand/Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) or vibration white

    finger

    - death.

5

Know how to handle and store materials and equipment safely.

  • 5.1. - State the procedures for safe lifting in accordance with guidance and legislation.
    -

    Procedures

    - manual handling techniques

    - mechanical lifting equipment/devices

    - team lifting.

  • 5.2. - State the importance of using site safety equipment when handling and storing materials and equipment.
    -

    Safety equipment

    Provision of different types of safety equipment to minimise

    risk.

  • 5.3. - Identify the key legislation relating to the safe handling of materials and equipment.
    -

    Legislation

    - HASAWA

    - manual handling

    - COSHH

    - asbestos regulations.

  • 5.4. - State the importance of correct storage of construction materials.
    -

    Importance

    - minimising and dealing with spillages

    - maximising shelf life/stock rotation

    - ensuring safety to others when collecting resources from

    storage areas

    - manufacturers’ guidance/instructions

    - correct environment.

  • 5.5. - State the importance of waste control procedures in the workplace.
    -

    Waste control procedures

    - reuse

    - recycling

    - general waste

    - contractual obligations/environmental considerations.

6

Know about basic working platforms and access equipment.

  • 6.1. - State the safe methods of use and appropriate parts of working platforms and access equipment.
    -

    Safe methods

    - ensuring any work at height is planned, so

    proper precautions are put in place

    - ensuring equipment to be used for working at heights is

    inspected and maintained prior to and during use.

    Taking into account:

    - ground conditions

    - adverse weather conditions

    - loading

    - manufacturers’ guidance and instructions.

    Types of working platforms and access equipment:

    - working platforms

    - step ladders, ladders, extension ladders

    - proprietary scaffolds (e.g. mobile tower scaffolds).

  • 6.2. - State good practice methods in the use of working platforms and access equipment.
    -

    Good practice methods, in relation to the use of:

    - working platforms

    - stepladders, ladders, extension ladders

    - proprietary scaffolding e.g. mobile tower scaffolds.

    Including:

    - moving

    - loading

    - storing materials on platforms.

  • 6.3. - Identify the dangers of working at height when using basic working platforms and access equipment.
    -

    Dangers in relation to:

    - general public

    - employees

    - head injuries

    - falling from height

    - materials and objects falling from height

    - proximity hazards

    - fragile roofs.

7

Know how to work safely around electricity in a construction environment.

  • 7.1. - State the precautions to be taken to avoid risks to themselves and others when working with electricity.
    -

    Precautions in relation to:

    - PAT testing

    - RCD devices

    - visually inspecting leads and cables prior to use

    - use of appropriate access equipment

    - use of portable power tools

    - use of tools and equipment.

  • 7.2. - State the dangers and effects of those dangers associated with the use of electricity.
    -

    Dangers

    - burns

    - electrocution

    - fire.

  • 7.3. - State the different voltages that could be used in the workplace.
    -

    Voltages

    - battery powered

    - 110 volts

    - 230 volts

    - 415 volts.

  • 7.4. - State why there is a need for cables to be colour coded.
    -

    In relation to:

    Live, neutral and earth colours.

  • 7.5. - State the requirements for working safely with equipment of differing electrical voltages.
    -

    Requirements:

    - use of protection devices e.g. RCD’s

    - only use other voltages above 110 volts if part of a safe

    system of work.

  • 7.6. - State the methods and importance of storing electrical equipment correctly.
8

Know how to use personal protective equipment (PPE) correctly.

  • 8.1. - State the importance of and the different types of personal protective equipment (PPE) used in the workplace.
    -

    PPE

    Head protection, eye protection, ear protection, face/dust

    masks, respiratory equipment, high visibility clothing, safety

    footwear, hand protection, sun protection, barrier cream, water

    proofs, knee pads, overalls/disposable clothing.

  • 8.2. - State the legislation governing personal protective equipment (PPE).
    -

    Legislation including:

    - Personal Protective Equipment at Work Regulations

    - Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH)

    - Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations.

  • 8.3. - State why it is important to store and maintain personal protective equipment (PPE) correctly.
  • 8.4. - List the possible consequences of not using the correct personal protective equipment (PPE).
    -

    Consequences:

    - dermatitis, skin cancer

    - eye damage

    - head injury, cuts

    - leptospirosis (weil’s disease)

    - burns

    - hearing damage

    - respiratory failure

    - lung damage/lung disease

    - asbestosis

    - death.

9

Know the fire and emergency procedures.

  • 9.1. - List the three elements essential to creating a fire.
    -

    Elements

    Oxygen, fuel, heat.

  • 9.2. - State the ways in which a fire could spread and identify methods of fire prevention.
    -

    Methods of Fire Prevention:

    - keeping work areas tidy

    - removal of flammable waste material

    - complying with site/organisational rules for fire safety

    - being aware of things that can cause fires

    - reporting to your supervisor or employer anything that may

    be a fire risk.

  • 9.3. - State the actions to be taken on discovering a fire.
    -

    Actions

    - raising the alarm

    - alerting others

    - clearing exists

    - leaving the building via escape routes

    - assembling at the correct assembly point

    - follow organisation procedures.

  • 9.4. - State the correct fire evacuation procedures.
  • 9.5. - State the different types of fire extinguishers and their correct uses.
    -

    Types of fire extinguishers

    - water (white label) - organic fires

    - foam (cream label) - liquid and organic fires

    - CO2 (black label) - electrical fires

    - dry powder (blue label) - electrical, liquids

    - wet chemical (yellow label) - cooking oil.

10

Know about signs and safety notices.

  • 10.1. - List the categories of signs and safety notices used in the workplace.
    -

    Signs and safety notices

    - prohibition

    - mandatory

    - warning

    - safe condition.

  • 10.2. - State the key differences between signs and safety notices used in the workplace.
    -

    Differences

    - specific colour

    - purpose

    - shape (either individual ie. circular or triangular or shape

    within a rectangular enclosure).

Assessment guidance and/or requirements
This unit will be achieved in accordance with the additional guidance requirements as set out by the Awarding Organisation.

Qualifications offering this unit

Reference Title Sector Level