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Analysing the construction industry and built environment

Level 3
Credit Value
Guided Learning Hours
The aim of this unit is to provide the learner with the knowledge of building methods and construction technology in relation to:
-Understanding activities undertaken in the construction industry and wider built environment
-Understanding different roles and responsibilities within a construction project
-Understanding physical and environmental factors when undertaking a construction project
-Understanding how construction can be beneficial to the built environment
-Understanding principles of sustainability on a construction project

Learning Outcomes Assessment Criteria
The Learner Will The Learner Can
1 Understand the different activities undertaken with the construction industry and built environment.
  • 1.1. - Describe the range of activities undertaken by the construction industry and built environment.
    - Could include:
    - Building, finishing, architecture, town planning, surveying, civil engineering, repair and maintenance, building engineering services, facilities management, construction site management, plant maintenance and operation, demolition.
  • 1.2. - Describe the types of work undertaken within the construction industry.

    Could include:
    - Residential, commercial, industrial, retail, recreational, leisure, health, transport infrastructure, public buildings, heritage, conservation, educational, utilities and services.

  • 1.3. - Describe the different types of clients within the construction industry.

    Could include:
    - private; individuals, sole traders.
    - corporate; large companies/corporations, public and private corporations or initiatives.
    - government led; national, regional, local.


Understand the different roles and responsibilities undertaken within the construction industry and built environment.

  • 2.1. - Explain the different roles and responsibilities of the construction workforce.

    Could include:
    - client, architect, designer, estimators, planners, buyers.
    - land agents, land surveyors, building surveyors, quantity surveyors.
    - consulting engineers, plant engineers, site engineers, specialist engineers, mechanical engineers.
    - site

3 Understand the physical and environmental factors when undertaking a construction project.
  • 3.1. - Explain the difference between physical and environmental factors.

    Could include:
    - planning and development stages of the construction process, the impact on the human/man-made environment.
    - regarding the impact of a development or redevelopment on the natural environment.

  • 3.2. - Explain the environmental factors that have to be considered as part of the construction planning process.

    Could include:
    - Planning requirements.
    - building regulations.
    - development or land restrictions.
    - building design and footprint.
    - use of building / structure.
    - impact on local amenities.
    - impact on existing services/utilities.
    - impact on transport infrastructure.

    - topography of the proposed development site.
    - green field site or brown field site.

  • 3.3. - Explain the physical factors that have to be considered as part of the construction planning process.

    Could include:
    - topography of the development site.
    - existing trees and vegetation.
    - impact on existing wildlife / habitats.
    - size of land and building footprint.
    - access to the building/structure, approach roads and footpaths.
    - supply of services to the building/structure (mains water, drainage, electricity, gas, telecoms etc).

    - natural waterways, lakes, ponds, ditches.
    - land restrictions, surrounding properties, protective orders on land, scheduled buildings or monuments.
    - future development and expansion.


Understand how construction projects can benefit the built environment.

  • 4.1. - Describe the different land types available for development.

    - green field land/ sites.
    - brown field land/sites.
    - reclaimed land/contaminated land.

  • 4.2. - Explain the advantages and disadvantage of development on different land types.

    - green field sites.
    - brown field sites.

    Could include:
    - planning restrictions.
    - land use.
    - building restrictions.
    - cost.
    - contaminated land.
    - reusing land.
    - space issues.

  • 4.3. - Describe the social benefits of construction development.

    - regeneration of waste land.
    - local employment.
    - improved housing.
    - improvements to local infrastructure.
    - improvements to local amenities.


Understand the principles of sustainability within the construction industry and built environment.

  • 5.1. - Explain what is meant by the term sustainability.

    Could include:
    - finite resources.
    - global shortages, needs of future generations.
    - environmental factors, global warming, climate change, extinction of species and vegetation, destruction of natural resources.
    - social regeneration.

  • 5.2. - Explain how sustainability can be applied to construction and civil engineering projects.

    Could include:
    - green construction methods.
    - use of green or locally sourced materials.
    - increase use of reclaimed and recycled materials.
    - zero carbon initiatives.
    - energy saving technology.
    - alternative energy sources.
    - waste water recycling and water saving initiatives.

    - improved waste management.

  • 5.3. - Explain the benefits of using sustainable materials and construction methods.

    Could include:
    - locally sourced materials.
    - guaranteed availability of materials.
    - enhanced material properties (energy saving).
    - lower carbon footprint.
    - protecting the natural environment.
    - controlled waste management.

Assessment guidance and/or requirements
This unit will be achieved in accordance with the additional guidance requirements as set out by the Awarding Organisation.

Qualifications offering this unit

Reference Title Sector Level