||Understand the different activities undertaken with the construction industry and built environment.
- 1.1. - Describe the range of activities undertaken by the construction industry and built environment.
- Could include:
- Building, finishing, architecture, town planning, surveying, civil engineering, repair and maintenance, building engineering services, facilities management, construction site management, plant maintenance and operation, demolition.
- 1.2. - Describe the types of work undertaken within the construction industry.
- Residential, commercial, industrial, retail, recreational, leisure, health, transport infrastructure, public buildings, heritage, conservation, educational, utilities and services.
- 1.3. - Describe the different types of clients within the construction industry.
- private; individuals, sole traders.
- corporate; large companies/corporations, public and private corporations or initiatives.
- government led; national, regional, local.
Understand the different roles and responsibilities undertaken within the construction industry and built environment.
- 2.1. - Explain the different roles and responsibilities of the construction workforce.
- client, architect, designer, estimators, planners, buyers.
- land agents, land surveyors, building surveyors, quantity surveyors.
- consulting engineers, plant engineers, site engineers, specialist engineers, mechanical engineers.
||Understand the physical and environmental factors when undertaking a construction project.
- 3.1. - Explain the difference between physical and environmental factors.
- planning and development stages of the construction process, the impact on the human/man-made environment.
- regarding the impact of a development or redevelopment on the natural environment.
- 3.2. - Explain the environmental factors that have to be considered as part of the construction planning process.
- Planning requirements.
- building regulations.
- development or land restrictions.
- building design and footprint.
- use of building / structure.
- impact on local amenities.
- impact on existing services/utilities.
- impact on transport infrastructure.
- topography of the proposed development site.
- green field site or brown field site.
- 3.3. - Explain the physical factors that have to be considered as part of the construction planning process.
- topography of the development site.
- existing trees and vegetation.
- impact on existing wildlife / habitats.
- size of land and building footprint.
- access to the building/structure, approach roads and footpaths.
- supply of services to the building/structure (mains water, drainage, electricity, gas, telecoms etc).
- natural waterways, lakes, ponds, ditches.
- land restrictions, surrounding properties, protective orders on land, scheduled buildings or monuments.
- future development and expansion.
Understand how construction projects can benefit the built environment.
- 4.1. - Describe the different land types available for development.
- green field land/ sites.
- brown field land/sites.
- reclaimed land/contaminated land.
- 4.2. - Explain the advantages and disadvantage of development on different land types.
- green field sites.
- brown field sites.
- planning restrictions.
- land use.
- building restrictions.
- contaminated land.
- reusing land.
- space issues.
- 4.3. - Describe the social benefits of construction development.
- regeneration of waste land.
- local employment.
- improved housing.
- improvements to local infrastructure.
- improvements to local amenities.
Understand the principles of sustainability within the construction industry and built environment.
- 5.1. - Explain what is meant by the term sustainability.
- finite resources.
- global shortages, needs of future generations.
- environmental factors, global warming, climate change, extinction of species and vegetation, destruction of natural resources.
- social regeneration.
- 5.2. - Explain how sustainability can be applied to construction and civil engineering projects.
- green construction methods.
- use of green or locally sourced materials.
- increase use of reclaimed and recycled materials.
- zero carbon initiatives.
- energy saving technology.
- alternative energy sources.
- waste water recycling and water saving initiatives.
- improved waste management.
- 5.3. - Explain the benefits of using sustainable materials and construction methods.
- locally sourced materials.
- guaranteed availability of materials.
- enhanced material properties (energy saving).
- lower carbon footprint.
- protecting the natural environment.
- controlled waste management.